OBS Studio hardware and software configuration focused on a better videoconferencing experience.

The short answer is: get a ring light for your phone. This 20$ investment will make your videoconferences 80% better. Here's an example unit that worked fine with a 2020 era budget smart phone: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B075ZLCSGP/

Read on for the long answer on how to expand your videoconferencing setup to achieve many of the broadcast-studio effects.

Requirements: Space, lens, and light.

Space:

The remainder of this guide assumes that you have a room or a section in a room that is 8 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 9 feet tall. Every inch is required. Stand during the video conference or sit on a tall stool.

Lens:

The actual camera sensor megapixels is not important anymore. What is important is that you have camera with a mechanically movable lens, and a depth of field that is more shallow than the typical webcam. The key is to differentiate your appearance on screen from nearly all 'webcams'.

Light:

Two softboxes with LED's. They need to be positionable far from the camera, on their own tripods.

Everything below here is additional, if you do the above three you will differentiate your videoconference from 95% of other participants.

Hardware setup

Total cost

If you include the computer, monitor, everything: $1750 If you include just what was purchased new: $843

Computer.

This entire guide was developed on a 2013-era Lenovo laptop with an i5 at 1.6ghz. It works fine for videoconferencing. It gets hot, but it does work for hours on end with no issues. This computer cost 700$ in 2014.

Video Components.

$250 Canon VIXIA HF R800 setup.
Comes with all cables needed out of the box. https://www.walmart.com/ip/Canon-VIXIA-HF-R800-Camcorder-Black/600185698?wmlspartner=wlpa&selectedSellerId=0

Settings changed from default: Home->Display onscreen markers: level grey output onscreen markers: off demo mode: off

Zoom speed static, not dynamic. Shooting mode: highlight priority.

$107 Elgato Cam Link 4K — Broadcast Live, Record via DSLR, Camcorder, USB 3.0 https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07K3FN5MR/

$140 Computer Monitor - the monitor used here is a 11 year old samsung display. It's completely fine once the backlight warms up, again for videoconferencing. Any newer full-hd display will be fine as long as it has a vesa mount.

Audio Components.

Used in wired and wireless configuration:
$12 Greyghost Single Earbud, Earphone, 3.5mm Monaural Hollow Air Tube Wired Headphone
https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07F7SW7ZZ/

Optional Wireless components. These can be more trouble than they are worth, but if you can make them worth it's an order of magnitude cheaper than a 'pro-grade' wireless setup: $65 Alvoxcon USB lavalier Mic System https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B08DV5NJJM/

$13 Clip-Type Bluetooth 4.2 Transmitter and Receiver -2-in-1 Wireless 3.5mm Adapter, https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07YG13BPR/

Preferred wired setup. These components may not be necessary for your configuration depending on the hardware that came with your computer. This is a dead simple, low cost wired setup that is highly recommended over fighting the wireless configs. 14$ USB sound card with mute button https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B08LPBW877

$6 USB 2.0 extension cord https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B001MSU1FS

$5 3.5mm extension cord https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00RXNUXGS/

Furniture and Lighting

$168 DEVAISE Adjustable Height Standing Desk, 47 inch Sit to Stand Up Desk Workstaion with Crank Handle for Office Home, White
https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07QVLBNJH/

$30 11" Adjustable Heavy Duty Robust Magic Arm https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07CTFZSXZ/ Note that this requires operator skill, but once you learn how to use it it's exactly as the reviews describe.

150$ MOUNTDOG Photography Lighting Kit,6.6X 10ft Backdrop Stand System and 900W 6400K LED Bulbs Softbox and Umbrellas Continuous Lighting Kit for Photo Video Shooting,etc. https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B08FMGDTR1/

The umbrella lights are not required. The various stands can be repurposed based on your existing hardware.

$40 Insignia monitor mount with arm: https://www.bestbuy.com/site/insignia-monitor-mount-silver-and-black/4374500.p?skuId=4374500

Miscellaneous

$14 3 pack 1" inch x 60yd STIKK White Painters Tape 14 Day Easy Removal Trim Edge Finishing Decorative Marking Masking Tape (.94 IN 24MM)
https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07SFLPX1G/

$9 Pro Tapes Pocket Gaff Tape 1 inch (24mm) x 6 Yards Length Black Matte. https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01EN7GZE0/

$14 Power strip

$13 Extension cord

Hardware Configuration

Physical setup of camera.

Turn the standing desk sideways, and mount the arm as far back as
possible. Mount the camera as far back as possible. Even the 3 or 4
inches more distance shown in the picture by mounting the arm on the
side of the table makes a big difference in the appearance of the image.

An added bonus of this setup is that at the distances used, a teleprompter is not necessary. If you resize your teleconference window to be tiny and move it towards the top of the screen, it looks to the other participants like you are looking at them directly.

Physical setup of lights.

The primary light is mounted slightly offset from center, at 7.5 feet
tall. In the picture shown the black tripod is wrapped in white tape
which helps it blend into the background. 

The secondary light is mounted at eye level and placed at a 90 degree angle, approximately 6 feet away directly to the side of the subject. If you don't have that much room, place it as close as you need it and turn the power down.

More on the detailed lighting configuration below in 'Green screen'.

Green screen physical configuration

The key here to a easy and good green screen experience is to select the
'White' setting on the provided LED's. The LED's provided with the
MountDog lighting system are unlabelled. So the manufacturer is unknown.
The remote control they come with has three buttons, warm, cold and
white. The 'white' setting looks closest to daylight and makes the green
screen setup easiest.

The lights themselves come with an incredibly useful feature of clicking on and off the light cycles through the color temperature modes, so you won't need the remote, unless you want to adjust the power.

Physical green screen setup is possible on the provided tripods. It's unstable even with a variety of workarounds, and will move significantly. The best approach is to keep the top bar, and mount the bar directly on the wall. You can use the clamps at the top to attach the other color cloths, but in practice only the green cloth is necessary. Wrinkles and waves make almost no difference and will be smoothed out by the correct lighting configuration.

Audio setup

Wired setup:
This is the preferred mode, as wireless really isn't necessary for
almost all videoconferences. It also has a variety of issues that need
to be compensated for (see below).
All you 'must' have for this to work and look and sound better than 95% of videoconferences is two 3.5mm extension cables. Plug the microphone into one, then into your computer. Plug the headphone earpiece into the other than into your computer.

Use the optional usb audio controller and extension cable to give you more manueverability and a single microphone mute button.

Wireless setup: Microphone: position the wireless usb dongle on a port where you can see it. This allows you to reach down and push the 'power off' button on the wireless portion, and you'll see the USB dongle lights turn off indicating you're on mute.

Major issues: Using the combination of bluetooth transmitter for listening and 900mhz to usb for microphone works 'sometimes'. On some computers it works out of the box with zero issues. On others it will have bluetooth pairing issues and when it does pair, cause incredible audio and video delays. The workaround is just to use wired. In practice noone will see the wires, and you won't be moving around that much anyways.

Software setup

If you are on windows, install the most recent version of OBS studio,
then skip to the 'start obs' section below.

dnf install snapd snap install obs-studio If you get a message about 'too early/device not seeded', wait 3 seconds and try again. snap connect obs-studio:alsa snap connect obs-studio:audio-record snap connect obs-studio:avahi-control snap connect obs-studio:camera snap connect obs-studio:jack1 snap connect obs-studio:kernel-module-observe

dnf copr enable sentry/v4l2loopback dnf install v4l2ucp v4l2loopback

echo "options v4l2loopback devices=1 video_nr=13 card_label='OBS_Virtual_Camera' exclusive_caps=1" | sudo tee /etc/modprobe.d/v4l2loopback.conf echo "v4l2loopback" | sudo tee /etc/modules-load.d/v4l2loopback.conf modprobe -r v4l2loopback modprobe v4l2loopback devices=1 video_nr=13 card_label='OBS_Virtual_Camera' exclusive_caps=1 reboot

Install the fonts from this repo: https://github.com/Cordince/OBS-Studio-Setup into: /usr/share/fonts/proxima-nova-fonts.

Start obs. When it starts for the first time, choose 'i will only be using the virtual camera'.

Change the output settings to be HD (960x540), with a FPS of 10. This is for video conferencing, so noone will be able to tell the difference and produces much less load on your system.

At this point, you can clone this repo, and change the file locations with a text editor.

Then import the scene collection into obs-studio, and everything should be setup correctly. Continue on for details on how it was built. This repo contains the scene collection: https://github.com/Cordince/OBS-Studio-Setup

Computing system configuration

Optional, but enables fast power on to dedicated videoconferencing
system:

Install Fedora Core Mate 33 workstation. Make sure to not encrypt the data.

After login, with network connected: dnf -y update hostnamectl set-hostname studio systemctl enable sshd systemctl start sshd reboot

As root, edit /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf Under the 'Seat:' section, add the lines: autologin-user=your_username autologin-user-timeout=0

System -> Preferences -> Look and Feel Set screensaver to not enable, do not lock when idle.

dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm dnf update -y reboot

Set static ip address in network configuration

Change the startup config to auto start obs with virtualcamera enabled. Add a startup of chrome, delayed 30 seconds so obs studio has time to start.

Green screen OBS configuration

The settings described below are all included in the default
configuration OBS file here:
https://github.com/Cordince/OBS-Studio-Setup

Create a scene, call it External Camera. Add a video capture source for the camlink device, name it camlink. Choose 1920x1080 as the source resolution. Click filters. Add the chromakey. If you're using the lighting setup described above, the default settings are nearly perfect. You may need to turn the similarity metric up slightly. Use the arrow keys and nudge it up 1-3 levels as needed.

If you need to adjust for different lighting temperatures, choose ChromaKey, then move off the screen. Select a custom color, then pick from screen. Choose the green in the middle of the window behind where the subject would be. Then adjust the similarity metric down.
Then add a color correction filter to bring back some of the color. The results here are not as good as just using the 'white' color temperature lights with default chromakey and no color correction.

Lobby videos

Use pexels and pixabay, and search for abstract patterns, geometrical,
and lobby videos, etc. Or just use the versions included in this repo:

Loading a 4k video will seriously slow down your system. You will not need that resolution for videconferencing. HD resolution (960x540) works fine and is indescernible from anything higher on most peoples phones and computers.

If you have a lobby video that is larger than HD, scale it down with: ffmpeg -i 4k_lobby.mp4 -filter:v scale=960:-1 hd_lobby.mp4

Matching color schemes can be performed by adjusting curves. Use ffplay for previewing. Make a video much bluer: ffplay -i hd_lobby.mp4 -vf curves=blue='0.3/0.3 1/1'

Make a video de-saturated: ffplay -i hd_lobby.mp4 -vf eq=brightness=0:saturation=0.8

When you are satisfied, replace ffplay with ffmpeg: ffmpeg -i hd_lobby.mp4 -vf eq=brightness=0:saturation=0.8 hd_lobby_gray.mp4

Another alternative that works just as well is applying the filters in OBS studio directly. Make sure you resize the videos first.

Work in Progress...

PIP Configuration

Studio Mode

Lower thirds animated displays

Lower thirds animated displays

Using phone as mute button, scene switcher.

BRB type scenes

With a single click it shows a 'brb' image or video, and mutes the audio
microphone. 

Also a different setting that is 'video muted' where you can hear and be heard but your camera is off for adjustments without it looking like you are gone.

OBS integration of sound into the stream.

Try a phone as a secondary camera.

This is about giving a differentiated experience, and if you use NDI to
feed the camera image back into the presentation at a different angle
when you do different demos, talk about different things, share a
screen, etc. Or even if it just changes automatically and you shift your
eyeleline, that would be a huge differentiator.

Try shotgun mike mounted to camera or direct to computer.

Try level 2 configuration.

Level 1 is the self contained setup here. Level 2 is you go back to
wireless, then detach the entire monitor and camera stack and put it on
the other side of the room. Then you get the much further focal distance
setup in place. So it really looks like a studio, and you have your
laptop on the desk so you can see the conference, etc.

Try level 3 configuration.

Dolly moves of the camera. The ultimate version of this is simulating a
person behind the camera. Where it tracks the person and adjusts focus
and pan/tilt/zoom in a way that is much more organic than the auto-zoom
tracking systems. Something like piston translators on a rack that move
the camera, or actuators that move a tripod head, organically. And on
top that, the whole thing moves on a translation stage or a rolling
pedestal.